Since September I have worked with the WCS Library and Archives in their ongoing effort to digitize historical photographic holdings. My focus has been on a collection documenting one of the expeditions made by the Society’s Department of Tropical Research. William Beebe led this 1925 expedition from New York to the Galapagos on a ship named Arcturus.
Beebe had a large and diverse crew, including several women, ranging from scientists and historians to artists. Charles Fish and his wife Marie specialized in vertebrates and larval fish. Artists were important to recreate specimens and to capture their true colors while still or recently alive. Many photographs depict artist Isabel Cooper at work with pad and pencil. Another artist on board was Dwight Franklin who was an illustrator as well, but who also made plaster and clay models of the specimens. The historian and technicist Ruth Rose was often photographed with the crew’s pet capuchin monkey Chiriqui.
The collection documents the researchers and ship crew at work, mostly on board the Arcturus. The photographs depict hauling nets on deck where they sorted the hauls’ contents of sea creatures and seaweed. They capture the researchers at work in the Arcturus‘ laboratory: writing, painting, discussing. There are also photographs of the crew’s leisure time. Ruth and Isabel sit on the ship’s edge, legs dangling. William Beebe welcomes well-dressed guests aboard, such as donors Herbert Satterlee and Henry Osborn. In one of my favorite photos, the whole researcher crew (and Chiriqui too) sit encircling a radio on the ship. Some of the images in this collection document scenery and activities outside the Arcturus; many of these feature local wildlife. There are scenes of rocky Galapagos shores peppered with boobies. The ship’s captain plays on shore with a sea lion. Researchers measure and document frigate birds and giant iguanas.
This collection, including many rare and previously unavailable photographs, provides so much insight into the expedition and to Beebe’s narrative. It also captures the interesting attire and equipment from 1925, and many of the images are quite beautiful and artistic. The digitization of this collection is a cultural boon, useful and interesting to many potential viewers. Those seeking visual aids to their research regarding Beebe’s expedition or early-twentieth-century scientific endeavors in general, lovers or researchers of early photography, animal and nature lovers, or really anyone with a curious mind, would find these images wonderful.
I myself have really enjoyed spending time with these fascinating photographs and researching a bit about the scientists and artists. One thing I enjoyed learning was how Beebe (whether intentionally or not) promoted gender equality by staffing his expedition with both male and female scientists and artists. I was surprised to see this type of progressive commitment to equality at that time period. I came to work for the WCS Archives so that I could gain some hands on experience regarding the concepts I studied in college. This internship has provided that and much more; it has been a delight working with the Arcturus collection.
This post was written by Allison Grillo, who served as Photo Archives and Digital Management Asset Intern with the WCS Archives during Fall 2014. Allison is a recent MLIS graduate of Pratt Institute. She lives in Brooklyn and is interested in continuing archives work in the nonprofit sector.